Professor Jean-Luc Roelandt
Founder Member and Director for Collaboration
Psychiatrist . Professor WHO collaborating center EPSM Lille Meteopole.
BiographyDirector of the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Mental
Health (Lille), EPSM Lille Métropole
Member of the Inserm team's steering committee - ECEVE - UMR 1123
Member of the Groupement de Coopération Sanitaire for research and training in mental health
Former Head of Psychiatry Unit 59G21
CLINICAL AND INSTITUTIONAL ACTIVITIES
Organization of a fully integrated psychiatric service in the community based on four principles: 1. health democracy with the participation of local elected officials and the population in the organization of psychiatry in the community, 2. hospitalization as an alternative to care in the community - an open service, 3. empowerment of users and carers: "nothing about us, without us", 4. integration and care at the citizens' doorstep (creating mobile teams).
In 30 years, development of a public psychiatric sector in the eastern suburbs of Lille with a multidisciplinary team, of a network with general practitioners, nurses, social services, municipalities, local elected officials, users and families. This work has resulted in the creation of an Intermunicipal Council for Health, Mental Health and Citizenship, and the facilitation of the creation of mutual selfhelp groups in the sector, managed directly by users and financed by the State. Users also participate in pole councils by electing representatives during users forums. This organization has enabled psychiatry to be truly integrated into primary health care, leading to a significant decrease in the use of psychiatric hospitalization and a better integration of people with mental disorders into their usual environments. Implementation of intensive care at home and in host families for short stays. As a result, the number of beds in psychiatric hospitals decreased from 300 in 1971 to 10 in open wards, without restraint or seclusion at the general hospital (Lille University Hospital). Creation, with the 6 municipalities of the psychiatric sector of the eastern suburbs of Lille, of 150 places in community apartments in commonplace social housing for people with severe mental health problems. Implementation of consultation and home care services within the social and medical structures of the sensitive districts of the sector's cities. Jean-Luc Roelandt is a nationally and internationally recognized expert.
RESEARCH AND PROGRAMS
• MHGP Survey - Mental health in the general population: image and reality (1996-2015)
Epidemiological and socio-anthropological study: social representation of madness and mental
illness, depression in the general population.
International research on 87 sites, (67 in France, 20 abroad).
• Involuntary hospitalizations Survey
125 French psychiatric sectors - Implementation of research in 4 French regions and management of
• Peer support workers program
In 2012, the French experimentation of the "Peer support workers" pilot program aimed to train and hire 30 people who have (had) mental health problems, who have recovered or are in the process of recovering. A one-year on-the-job training course (8 weeks of courses and 36 internships in a psychiatry department) led to the award of a University Diploma of peer support workers (University of Paris 8), following which peer support workers continued their work in the care teams.
Creation of a health and social license option health and social mediator-pair with the University Paris 13 - Bobigny and LEPS, graduating 35 peer support workers.
• Development of Local Councils for Mental Health
A Local Councils of Mental Health is a place for consultation and coordination between public psychiatric services, local elected officials of the territory concerned, users and carers. Implementation of a program to support the development and strengthening of local councils of mental health in connection with the "City/Health" workshops in France (2008-2015). Participation in the creation of the Resource Platform of the National Resource and Support Centre for the local councils of mental health
• Users and carers empowerment
Participation in the joint WHO and European Commission project on the empowerment of mental health service users. The WHO-EC partnership project on user empowerment in mental health. WHO/Europe, 2008
Participation in the creation of empowerment indicators
Organisation of an international congress in Lille on the empowerment of users and carers in Europe (January 2014).
Organisation of an international congress in Lille on empowerment and citizenship (March 2018).
• Developing WHO QualityRights Toolkit
In collaboration with the University of Cagliari and the WHO CC of Trieste in the Mediterranean countries (2015), in France (2016) and in French-speaking countries (2018)
• Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD 10)
Research on the participation of users and carers in the review of classification guidelines in 15 countries (Algeria, Canada, France, Greece, Hungary, India, Italy, Lebanon, Lithuania, Madagascar, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Spain, United Kingdom).
Research on the declassification of transidentity with the University of Mexico
• Participation in European mental health programs Balancing Mental Health Promotion and Mental Health Care, Bruxelles (1999)
EUCompass, Luxembourg (2018)
• Participation WHO – Empowerment
• Member of WHO Europe Commissions (2002-2007)
• Intervention as a WHO expert
Mental Health Plan Mauritania (2003)
Indian Ocean Mental Health Plan, with MAE and WHO (2005)
Mental Health Plan County of Fribourg, Switzerland (2007)
Tunisia (2007 & 2014)
Mental Health Plan Algeria (2015-2018)
Mental Health Plan French Polynesia (2018)